QUTB UD-DĪN, a Muslim priest. According to Bhāī Manī Siṅgh Janam Sākhī, he kept a maktab or elementary Muslim school in the village of Talvaṇḍī Rāi Bhoe, the birthplace of Gurū Nānak. As a young boy Gurū Nānak was sent to his school to learn Persian and Arabic. He gained proficiency in both in a short time and astonished the teacher by his native endowment. As Miharbān Janam Sākhī records: "The Maulawī would often say, ‘Praise be to the Lord of the worlds! Such easy facility with the Persian language... he grasps instantly what he hears once..."While at school Gurū Nānak, says Manī Siṅgh Janam Sākhī, composed a spiritually inspired acrostic employing the Persian characters from Alif on. The text, available in apocryphal fragments, does not occur in the Gurū Granth Sāhib.


  1. Bhallā, Sarūp Dās, Mahimā Prakāsh . Patiala, 1971
  2. Santokh Siṅgh, Bhāī, Nānak Prakāsh . Amritsar, 1961
  3. Kirpāl Siṅgh, Janam Sākhī Paramparā. Patiala, 1970
  4. Gian Siṅgh, Giānī, Twārīkh Gurū Khālsā . Patiala,1970
  5. Macauliffe, Max Arthur, The Sikh Religion . Oxford, 1909

Gurnek Siṅgh