SAMMAN, BHĀĪ, was the masand or leader of the Sikh saṅgat at Shāhbāzpur, now in Amritsar district of the Punjab, during the time of Gurū Arjan. He was known for his firm faith and piety. Bhāī Gurdās praises Bhāī Samman, in one of his stanzas, for the care he took of the Sikhs in his area. According to Bhāī Manī Siṅgh Sikhāṅ dī Bhagat Mālā, one Bhāī Kapūr Dev once asked Gurū Arjan to show him one of his favourite Sikhs. The Gurū directed him to Bhāī Samman. Kapūr Dev found the latter a model of serenity and self-control, who was neither excited at the marriage of his son nor upset at his sudden death the following day. The son, Mūsan, was, like his father, a devoted Sikh, too. See KAPŪR DEV, BHĀĪ, and MŪSAN BHĀĪ. The first two couplets of Gurū Arjan's composition, Chaubole, included in the Gurū Granth Sāhib (GG,1363-64), are addressed to Bhāī Samman. They extol love of God as the highest virtue. The first couplet for instance, says : "Could the love of God, O Samman, be bartered with wealth, Rāvan and others like him were no paupers [Yet they were not blessed with such love]".


  1. Manī Siṅgh, Bhāī, Sikhāṅ dī Bhagat Mālā. Amritsar, 1955
  2. Santokh Siṅgh, Bhāī, Srī Gur Pratāp Sūraj Granth. Amritsar, 1927-35

Tāran Siṅgh