SAMUNDĀ, BHĀĪ, a seeker of truth, once waited upon Gurū Arjan and begged to know how a bemukh was distinguished from a sanamukh. The Gurū, according to Bhāī Manī Siṅgh, Sikhāṅ dī Bhagat Mālā, spoke thus "Sanamukh is one who, following the Gurū's precept, rises early to make ablutions, contemplates on the Name, and practises charity. A bemukh, on the other hand, is one who wastes his life in pursuit of sensual pleasures and passions." Bhāī Samundā, says Bhāī Santokh Siṅgh, became a Sikh. He remained in the Gurū's presence, always listened attentively to what he said, and acted upon his word.


  1. Manī Siṅgh, Bhāī, Sikhāṅ dī Bhagat Mālā. Amritsar, 1955
  2. Gurdās, Bhāī, Vārāṅ, XI.18
  3. Santokh Siṅgh, Bhāī, Srī Gur Pratāp Sūraj Granth. Amritsar, 1927-35

Tāran Siṅgh