SAṬHIĀLĀ, a village 4 km northeast of Bābā Bakālā (31º-34'N, 75º-16'E) in Amritsar district of the Punjab, claims the honour of having been visited by three of the Gurūs-- Gurū Nānak, Gurū Hargobind and Gurū Tegh Bahādur. Their visits are commemorated by three different gurdwārās.

        GURDWĀRĀ NĀNAKSAR PĀTSHĀHĪ I marks the site where Gurū Nānak sat by a small pond to preach. Most of his audience consisted of Muslim ladies. They complained to him about the skin diseases and polio which were the bane of the village. The Gurū advised them to have their children bathed regularly in the pond. The practice proved efficacious, and the villagers raised in Gurū Nānak’s honour, a memorial. Gurdwārā Nanaksar was constructed recently on that site. The building comprises a rectangular hall, with a square sanctum topped by a lotus dome covered with white glazed tiles. The old pond has been converted into a small octagonal sarovar, and people still believe in the curative powers of its water. The Gurdwārā is maintained by the village saṅgat.

        GURDWĀRĀ BUṄGĀ SĀHIB, dedicated to Gurū Hargobind, is a flat-roofed rectangular room on the eastern outskirts of the village. It is managed by Nihaṅg Sikhs.

        GURDWĀRĀ ḌERĀ SĀHIB PĀTSHĀHĪ IX commemorates the visit of Gurū Tegh Bahādur who came here from Bābā Bakālā and sat under a pīpal tree which still stands behind the sanctum. The Gurdwārā, constructed in 1939 inside the village, is entered through a two-storeyed gateway. The square sanctum, inside a marble-floored hall, is topped by a pinnacled dome. The shrine is looked after by a follower of the Bhiṇḍrāṅvāle sants.


    Faujā Siṅgh, Gurū Teg Bahādur : Yatrā Asthān, Paramparāvāṅ te Yād Chinh. Patiala, 1976

Major Gurmukh Siṅgh (Retd.)