SĀVAN MALL, DĪWĀN (d. 1844), governor of Multān from 1821 to 1844, was son of Hoshnāk Rāi, a Chopṛā Khatrī, in the service of Sardār Dal Siṅgh of Akālgaṛh. When in 1804, Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh took over Akālgaṛh on the death of Dal Siṅgh, Sāvan Mall was employed as a munshī or clerk and was sent thereafter to Wazīrābād as nāib tahsīldār. A good scholar of Persian and Arabic, he won the appreciation of the Mahārājā for his intelligence and administrative skill and quickly rose to higher positions. In 1818, Raṇjīt Siṅgh conquered Multān, but the governors appointed by him one after the other proved inept. In 1821, he sent out Sāvan Mall, who turned out to be an efficient and benevolent administrator. Under his governorship, Multān attained a high level of prosperity. Robbery and lawlessness were put down; cultivation was extended, commerce, trade and industry flourished and even-handed justice was dealt out to the rich and the poor alike. The Multān sūbah was known throughout the kingdom as Dār al-Aman (the abode of peace).

        Sāvan Mall had a tragic end. He was seriously wounded, on 16 September 1844, by an under-trial prisoner and died on 29 September 1844.


  1. Sūrī, Sohan Lāl, 'Umdāt ut-Twārīkh. Lahore, 1885-89
  2. Mohan Lal, Travels in the Punjab, Afghanistan and Turkistan. London, 1846
  3. Hasrat, Bikrama Jit, Anglo-Sikh Relations. Hoshiarpur, 1968
  4. Chopra, G.L., The Panjab as a Sovereign State. Hoshiarpur, 1960

Harī Rām Gupta