SHĀHBĀZ SIṄGH (d. 1745) was the son of Subeg Siṅgh, the kotwāl of Lahore under the Mughal governor, Zakarīyā Khān. He went to a Muhammadan school to read Persian and Arabic. He made good progress in his studies and caught the notice of the maulawī for his highly intelligent manner. The latter wished to bring him into the fold of Islam, and began to offer him all kinds of allurements. But young Shāhbāz Siṅgh firmly resisted all his efforts to convert him. The mullā and the qādī of Lahore also tried but failed to persuade him to give up the faith of his forefathers. Finally, both Shāhbāz Siṅgh and his father, Subeg Siṅgh, were arrested under the orders of the governor of Lahore. They were invited to accept conversion to save their lives which they refused. Shāhbāz Siṅgh suffered torture with his father and was like him broken on the wheel. This happened in 1745.


  1. Giān Siṅgh, Giānī, Panth Prakāsh. Delhi, 1880
  2. Bhaṅgū, Ratan Siṅgh, Prāchīn Panth Prakāsh. Amritsar, 1914
  3. Harbans Singh The Heritage of the Sikhs. Delhi, 1983
  4. Gandhi, Surjit Singh, Struggle of the Sikhs for Sovereignty. Delhi, 1980

Bhagat Siṅgh