SMITH, SIR HARRY GEORGE WAKELYN (1787-1860), divisional commander of the British army of the Sutlej, under Lord Hugh Gough, in the first Anglo-Sikh war (1845-46). He was a veteran of the Peninsular war and had also taken part in the battle of Waterloo. He saw action at Ferozeshāh (21 December 1845), Baddovāl (21 January 1846), and at 'Alīvāl (28 January 1846). His troops were stationed at Dharamkoṭ when a division of the Sikh army under Raṇjodh Siṅgh Majīṭhīā crossed the Sutlej at Phillaur, seriously threatening Ludhiāṇā and intersecting the British line of communication. Harry Smith advanced towards Jagraon to save Ludhiāṇā where Brigadier Godby held a meagre force of 3 battalions of infantry. At Baddovāl, Raṇjodh Siṅgh intercepted him, but by a dexterous manoeuvre, he extricated himself and advanced towards Ludhiāṇā. Ludhiāṇā was saved though the Sikhs claimed a victory at Baddovāl. On 28 January, the British force under Harry Smith moving out of Baddovāl surprised the Sikh army under Raṇjodh Siṅgh and Ajīt Siṅgh of Lāḍvā at 'Alivāl. Soon afterwards, Harry Smith's division joined Lord Gough's army and on 10 February took part in the battle of Sabhrāoṅ.

        Sir Harry Smith was created Baronet of 'Alīvāl and, in 1847, was made governor of the Cape of Good Hope. He is the author of an autobiography, which was edited by G.C. Moore and published in London in 1903 under the title The Autobiography of Lt.-General Sir Harry Smith, Baronet of Alival on the Sutlej. He died in London on 12 October 1860.


  1. Gough, Sir C., and A.D. Innes, The Sikhs and the Sikh Wars. London, 1897
  2. Hasrat Bikrama Jit, Anglo-Sikh Relations, 1799-1849. Hoshiarpur, 1968
  3. Ganda Singh ed., Private Correspondence relating to the Anglo-Sikh Wars. Amritsar, 1955

B. J. Hasrat