SULTĀN MUHAMMAD KHĀN, one of the several sons of Paindā Khān, was a gorgeous person known as "Sultān Bībī" on account of his excessive love of finery and ostentation. In 1830 Sultān Muhammad Khān became governor of Peshāwar and a tributary of the Sikhs. About this time, he was forced to surrender the famous horse Lailī to Raṇjīt Siṅgh. In May 1834, Sultān Muhammad Khān was replaced in Peshāwar by Harī Siṅgh Nalvā and granted a handsome jāgīr. When in 1835, Dost Muhammad Khān declared a holy war on the Sikhs to recover Peshāwar, he won over his brother Sultān Muhammad Khān to his side. However, Sultān Muhammad Khān placed no faith in Dost Muhammad Khān and defected to Raṇjīt Siṅgh's camp. When the British government decided to bring Afghanistan under their influence and planned with the help of Raṇjīt Siṅgh to replace Dost Muhammad Khān by Shāh Shujā, Sultān Muhammad Khān supported the Sikhs. Sultān Muhammad Khān was a staunch follower of the Ḍogrā brothers. In 1845, when the Sikh army marched upon Jammū to punish Rājā Gulāb Siṅgh, Sultān Muhammad Khān strongly pleaded for the Rājā.


  1. Lepel, Griffin, The Punjab Chiefs. Lahore, 1890
  2. Barr, Lt. William, Journal of a March from Delhi to Peshāwar with the Mission of Col. Wade. London, 1844
  3. Masson, Charles, Narrative of Various Journeys in Beluchistan, Afghanistan and the Punjab. London, 1842

Harī Rām Gupta