SUNDAR SIṄGH, RĀGĪ (1892-1937), head musician at Srī Harimandar at Amritsar, was born at Amritsar in 1892, the son of Bhāī Amar Siṅgh Aroṛā, himself a musician of considerable standing. Sundar Siṅgh served his apprenticeship with Bhāī Atrā, a well-known rabābī (rebeck-player), who was a disciple of "Bhāī Motī, a rabābī of still greater repute in his time. He further chiselled his style under a noted Sikh musician, Uttam Siṅgh. On 10 September 1932, he was appointed rāgī at the Harimandar where he soon rose to be the head musician. He had a rich melodious voice and his favourite instruments were dilrubā, a string instrument, and harmonium, and his favourite mode was Khayāl. He ranked among the leading Sikh musicians of his day and was invited to perform kīrtan from distant parts. In 1937, he led a chorus to the village of Āhlā, in Phālīā tahsīl (sub-division) of Gujrāt district (now in Pakistan), where a gurdwārā had suffered mob violence in which one of the officiants had lost his life. The Muslims of the area who formed about 80 per cent of the population obstructed the Sikhs entering the village. In the attack they launched, one Bhagat Siṅgh was killed on the spot and several others seriously wounded, among them Bhāī Sundar Siṅgh. Bhāī Sundar Siṅgh was removed to the civil hospital at Gujrāt where he succumbed to his injuries on 17 June 1937. His dead body was brought to Amritsar and cremated on 18 June.


  1. Khālsā te Khālsā Advocate. Amritsar, 19 June 1937
  2. Khālsā Sevāk. Amritsar, 21-23 June 1937

Sarmukh Siṅgh Amole