SURAIṆ SIṄGH, BHĀĪ (1898-1921), one of the Nankāṇā Sāhib martyrs, was born on 1 April 1898, the son of Bhāī Mit Siṅgh and Māī Chand Kaur of Chakk No. 38 Nizāmpur Devā Siṅghvālā in Sheikhūpurā district (now in Pakistan). He read Urdu at the village primary school. He learnt Gurmukhī on his own and went through the vows of the Khālsā. As the movement for the reformation of Sikh shrines got under way, he found himself in the thick of it. During the Dhārovālī conference (1-3 October 1920), he collected rations for it and served in the Gurū kā Laṅgar. He participated in the liberation of Gurdwārā Kharā Saudā, Chūhaṛkāṇā (30 December 1920) and also offered himself as a volunteer for the demolished Gurdwārā wall in Delhi. On 19 February 1921, he joined the jathā led by Bhāī Lachhmaṇ Siṅgh of Dhārovālī and fell a martyr in the firing on it the next morning. See NANKĀṆĀ SĀHIB MASSACRE. He was survived by his mother, wife and a two-year old daughter. The Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee, besides paying off the family's debt of Rs 410, paid it a pension at Rs 150 per annum.


    Shamsher, Gurbakhsh Siṅgh, Shahīdī Jīvan. Nankana Sahib, 1938

Gurcharan Siṅgh Giānī