ṬAHIL SIṄGH, BHĀĪ (1875-1921), one of the Nankāṇā Sāhib martyrs, was born in 1875, the eldest son of Bhāī Chandā Siṅgh and Māī Rukko, Kamboj residents of Nizāmpur village in Amritsar district. On the opening of the Lower Chenāb Canal Colony in western Punjab (now Pakistan), the family moved, in 1892, to Chakk No. 38 Nizāmpur Devā Siṅghvālā in Sheikhūpurā area. In 1902 Ṭahil Siṅgh went abroad to Malaya (now Malaysia) where he worked as a watchman in Kuala Lumpur. He came back to India in 1909 but left again after two years. In 1915 he finally returned home on his father's death. He began associating himself with progressive and reformist movements. He enlisted as a volunteer for the Rikābgañj agitation, preached reformists' policies and programmes in the surrounding villages, took an active part in the political conference held at Dhārovālī on 13 October 1920, participated in the liberation of Gurdwārā Bābe dī ber, Siālkoṭ, Gurdwārā Kharā Saudā, Chūaṛkāṇā, and Srī Darbār Sāhib, Tarn Tāran. On 19 February 1921, he marshalled 20 volunteers from his own village and joined the jathā led by Bhāī Lachhmaṇ Siṅgh Dhārovālī proceeding to liberate Gurdwārā Jānam Asthān, Nankāṇā Sāhib. As the jathā approached the shrine in the early morning of 20 February, Chaudharī Pāl Siṅgh Lyāllpurī, a local leader, happened to meet them and informed them about the Shiromaṇī Committee's decision to postpone action and advised them to go back. At this Bhāī Ṭahil Siṅgh pushed forward and declared that they had said their ardās and pledged their word to the Gurū not to turn their back on their resolution and that any retreat at that stage was unthinkable. At this the entire jathā went at a sprint and entered the compound of Gurdwārā Janam Asthān where the hired assassins of Mahant Naraiṇ Dās, already alerted and equipped with lethal arms and material for a mass pyre, butchered them en masse.


    Shamsher, Gurbakhsh Siṅgh, Shahīdī Jīvan. Nankana Sahib, 1938

Gurcharan Siṅgh Giānī