ṬOḌAR MALL, SEṬH, a wealthy merchant of Sirhind, according to tradition, performed the last rites for the two younger sons of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh martyred, on 12 December 1706, under the orders of Wazīr Khān, faujdār of Sirhind, and of Mātā Gujarī, the Gurū's mother who died of the shock on the same day. It is said that landowners around the Sirhind Fort would not permit him to hold the cremation in their fields, until one Chaudharī Attā agreed to sell him a plot. The seller's stipulation was that the buyer (Ṭoḍar Mall) will take only as much of the space as he could cover with gold mohars, he would lay out for the purchase. The Seṭh produced the coins and bought the piece of land he needed. He cremated the three bodies and putting the ashes in an urn buried them there. The site is now marked by Gurdwārā Joti Sarūp at Fatehgaṛh Sāhib, near Sirhind. Modern historians have tried to identify Seṭh ṭoḌar Mall as a son or later descendant of Rājā Ṭoḍar Mall, of Sirhind, who won renown as an administrator under the Mughal emperors, Shāh Jahān and Auraṅgzīb, and who, according to Shāh Nawāz Khān, Ma'āsir ul-Umarā, lived up to 1076 AH/AD 1666. To perpetuate the memory of the noble-minded Seṭh, a road in Sirhind town and a hall in Gurdwārā Fatehgaṛh Sāhib have now been named after him.


  1. Giān Siṅgh, Giānī, Twārīkh Gurū Khālsā. Patiala, 1970
  2. Harbans Singh, Guru Gobind Singh. Chandigarh, 1967
  3. Macauliffe, M.A., The Sikh Religion. Oxford, 1909

Gurbax Siṅgh