UDE SIṄGH (d.1705), warrior and martyr, was the third of the sons of Bhāī Manī Rām, a Parmar Rājpūt of 'Alīpur in Multān district (now in Pakistan). Ude Siṅgh along with four of his other brothers received the rites of the Khālsā on the historic Baisākhī day, 30 March 1699. He was among the trusted 25 who constituted Gurū Gobind Siṅgh's escort and took a leading part in battles fought in or around Anandpur after the creation of the Khālsā. Already in 1698 he had proved his skill as a musketeer when he killed a tiger during the chase. He had daringly wounded and overcome Balīā Chand, who along with another hill chieftain, Ālam Chand, had surprised the Gurū while hunting in the valley. On the eve of the first battle of Anandpur in 1700, Ude Siṅgh, after assisting in the strengthening of defences, took over command of the reserve. According to Bhāī Santokh Siṅgh, Srī Gur Pratāp Sūraj Granth, it was through him that Sāhibzādā Ajīt Siṅgh, the eldest son of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh, asked for his father's permission to take part in the combat. The Gurū acceded to the request but asked Ude Siṅgh to accompany him with 100 warriors. Ude Siṅgh fought valiantly in the battle that ensued and, although wounded severely during the first day's battle, he participated in the night attack launched against the besieger and killed in single combat the following day Rājā Kesrī Chand of Jasvān. He fought with similar distinction in the battles of Nirmohgaṛh, Basolī and Kālmoṭ and in the last battle of Anandpur Ude Siṅgh took over command of the rearguard from Sāhibzādā Ajīt Siṅgh as the besieged were marching out after evacuating Anandpur on the night of 5-6 December 1705. He was killed fighting desperately against the pursuing host, vastly superior in numbers, at a low mound called Shāhī or Siāhī ṭibbī, 6 km south of Kīratpur. A small gurdwārā at Shāhī ṭibbī now honours his memory.


  1. Kuir Siṅgh, Gurbilās Pātshāhī 10, ed. Shamsher Siṅgh Ashok. Patiala, 1968
  2. Sukhā Siṅgh, Gurbilās Dāsviṅ Pātshāhī. Lahore, 1912
  3. Saināpati, Srī Gur Sobhā, ed. Gandā Siṅgh. Patiala, 1967
  4. Santokh Siṅgh, Bhāī, Srī Gur Pratāp Sūraj Granth. Amritsar, 1927-35
  5. Sevā Siṅgh, Shahīd Bilas, ed. Giānī Garjā Siṅgh. Ludhiana, 1961

Piār Siṅgh