VĀR AMRITSAR KĪ, also known as Vār Siṅghāṅ Kī, by Darshan Bhagat, a disciple of Bhāī Kanhaiyā is an eye-witness account of the battle fought in Amritsar between a force sent by the Mughal satrap of Lahore and the Sikhs on the Baisākhī day (29 March) of 1709. A manuscript of the poem was held under No. 2735 in the Sikh Reference Library, Amritsar, until the Library perished in 1984. A published version in the anthology titled Pañjābī Varāṅ (Kalam Mandir, Patiala) is, however, available.

        As a result of the conciliatory policy of Emperor Bahādur Shāh, the lands attached to the Golden Temple, Amritsar, which had been earlier confiscated were restored and Sikhs were appointed by Mātā Sundarī, widow of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh, to administer the jāgīr at Amritsar. On a complaint made by a local banker Chūhaṛ Mall, Aslam Khān, the deputy Governor of Lahore, sent Har Sahāi, the revenue officer of Paṭṭī, against the Sikhs. Har Sahāi was killed in the skirmish as was Chaudharī Devā of Naushahrā Pannūāṅ, also deputed by Aslam Khān. The Vār panegyrized the bravery and skill displayed by the Sikhs in this battle. It concludes with the remark that Ādam Khān was rebuked by Emperor Bahādur Shāh for having taken the sword against the House of Nānak.


    Padam, Piārā Siṅgh, ed., Pañjābī Vārāṅ. Patiala, 1980

Piārā Siṅgh Padam