VĀR SRĪ BHAGAUTĪ JĪ KĪ, a short anonymous poem describing an unnamed battle in which Gurū Gobind Siṅgh emerged a victor. The poem consists of eight stanzas only. It begins with a dohrā, followed by six savaiyyas, and ends with another dohrā. It panegyrizes Bhagautī (sword) as the source of power, and as the defender of faith and honour. It also pays tribute to the fearless warriors who wield the sword and never turn their back on the enemy. In capturing the battle scene, the poet has recourse to the usual devices of medieval war poetry. In the traditional style, the mythological Kal and Nārad are introduced with bloodthirsty Kaljogans swallowing bowlfuls of blood and jackals and vultures gorging themselves on the corpses of slain warriors.

        In the last line of the sixth savaiyyā appears the name of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh, with the epithet of Fatehjaṅg, i.e. victor of wars. In the final dohrā, the poet advises the Gurū's disciples, never to have faith in anyone god or goddess-except God.

        The language of the Vār, written in Gurmukhī characters, is a mixture of Punjabi, Sādh Bhāṣā and Braj Bhāṣā.


    Padam, Piārā Siṅgh, ed., Vārāṅ Srī Gurū Gobind Siṅgh Jī Dīāṅ. Patiala, 1967

Shamsher Siṅgh Ashok