VARYĀM SIṄGH, BHĀĪ (1870-1921), one of the Nankāṇā Sāhib martyrs, was the second of the four sons of Bhāī Bhāg Siṅgh and Māī Chand Kaur, Kamboj landowners of Nizāmpur village, about 8 km east of Amritsar. The family later migrated to Nizāmpur Chelevālā in Sheikhūpurā district (now in Pakistan). He started his education in the village gurdwārā. As he grew up, he enlisted in the Burmese army, but came back after five years of active service. He was of a religious disposition and displayed an unusually strong predilection towards the Gulābdāsī sect. He bought a piece of land and founded a habitation, which he named Khākaṭāṅ Morāṅ near Bhunnerheṛī, in Paṭiālā district (then Paṭiālā state). Pressed by local circumstances, Bhāī Varyām Siṅgh came back to Nizāmpur Chelevālā in the Lower Chenāb Canal Colony where agitation for Gurdwārā reform was at its height. Dhārovālī political conference (1-3 October 1920) which he attended had an electric effect on him. He underwent the initiation rites and enlisted as an Akālī volunteer for the liberation of gurdwārās under the control of hereditary custodians. He was one of the Akālī volunteers who met with a fatal end inside the compound of Gurdwārā Janam Asthān on 20 February 1921.

        The Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee granted a pension of Rs 175 per annum to his widow.


    Shamsher, Gurbakhsh Siṅgh, Shahīdī Jīvan. Nankana Sahib, 1938

Gurcharan Siṅgh Giānī