VIDĪĀ SĀGAR GRANTH, lit. the book (granth) of the ocean (sāgar) of wisdom (vidiā), is the title given to a legendary literary corpus created at Anandpur under the patronage of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh. The volume, also known as Vidiāsar Granth, Vidiādhar Granth and Samund Sāgar Granth, was supposed to comprise the writings of the Gurū as well as of the fifty-two poets and scholars he kept with him. As the tradition goes, it weighed nine maunds (approximately 320 kilograms) and got lost in the River Sarsā when Gurū Gobind Siṅgh and the Sikhs were crossing it after evacuating Anandpur in 1705. The compositions which now form part of the Dasam Granth and the Sarabloh Granth may be portions of it which were salvaged or which had been earlier copied and preserved by the devotees. Gurū Gobind Siṅgh's poets at Anandpur Sāhib---among them, Amrit Rāi, Aṇī Rāi, Siām, Saināpati, Ālām, Ṭahikāṇ, Dayā Siṅgh, Sukhā Siṅgh and Dharam Siṅgh had been mostly assigned to the task of translating ancient Sanskrit texts into Braj, Sādh Bhākhā and Punjabi. These translations may have formed the bulk of the Vidīā Sāgar Granth references to which exist in old Sikh works such as Mahimā Prakāsh (1776), Kesar Siṅgh Chhibbar's Baṅsāvālīnāmā (1796) and Srī Gur Pratāp Sūraj Granth (1843).


  1. Padam, Piārā Siṅgh, Srī Gurū Gobind Siṅgh jī de Darbārī Ratan. Patiala, 1976
  2. Kāhn Siṅgh, Bhāī, Gurushabad Ratanākar Mahān Kosh [Reprint]. Patiala, 1981
  3. Macauliffe, M.A., The Sikh Religion. Oxford, 1909

Rattan Siṅgh Jaggī